Here are the top 7 most common types of lung diseases and their warning signs and symptoms.
Asthma is a chronic lung disease affecting people of all ages. It is a condition that makes it difficult to breathe because of inflammation and muscular stiffness around the airways. Coughing, wheezing, breathing problems, and pressure in the chest are among the symptoms. Mild, severe, and intermittent symptoms are all possible.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that causes obstructed airflow from the lungs. Wheezing, coughing, mucus (sputum) production, and trouble breathing are all symptoms. Long-term exposure to irritant gases or particulates, most frequently from cigarette smoke, is the usual cause. People who have COPD are more likely to get heart disease, lung cancer, and a host of other diseases. Also Read – World Lung Cancer Day: Why Lung Cancer In Non-Smokers Is On The Rise?
Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may swell with fluid or pus (purulent material), which can lead to a cough that produces pus or phlegm, a fever, chills, and breathing difficulties. Pneumonia can be brought on by a number of different species, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The severity of pneumonia can range from minor to life-threatening. The most vulnerable groups include newborns and young children, adults over 65, and those with health conditions or weaker immune systems.
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious illness that mainly affects the lungs. When someone with tuberculosis coughs, sneezes or sings, the disease can spread. This may release microscopic droplets containing the germs into the atmosphere. The germs then reach the lungs of a different person who can then breathe in the droplets. Also Read – Can Babies Choke On Breastmilk? Tips A Mother Should Know