World Heritage Day also reminds us to conserve our cultural diversity. This day is also known as International Monuments and Sites Day. India is endowed with magnificent historical monuments that define our culture and diversity.
New Delhi: Every year on April 18, the world commemorates World Heritage Day to raise awareness about the cultural heritage that surrounds us. The day also reminds us to conserve our cultural diversity. This day is also known as International Monuments and Sites Day. India is endowed with magnificent historical monuments that define our culture and diversity.
Here are seven major heritage sites of India:
Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra – The Ajanta Caves, located in Maharashtra’s Aurangabad, are widely recognised as masterpieces of Buddhist religious art. There are roughly 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments ranging from the 2nd century BCE to around 480 CE. The caverns are also referenced in the memoirs of various mediaeval Chinese Buddhist travellers to India, as well as by an Akbar-era Mughal official in the early 17th century.
Kaziranga National Park, Assam – Two-thirds of the world’s giant one-horned rhinoceroses live at Kaziranga National Park. The ‘Big Five’ of Kaziranga include the One-Horned rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, Asian elephant, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer. It is a wide region of tall elephant grass, marshes, and deep tropical wet broadleaf forests, crisscrossed by four main rivers, including the Brahmaputra, and several tiny bodies of water.
Taj Mahal, Uttar Pradesh – The Taj Mahal, one of the World’s Seven Wonders, it is a funeral mosque. Emperor Shahjahan constructed it in honour of his third wife, Begum Mumtaz Mahal, who died in 1631. It was included as a cultural monument on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983, under Category i.
Konark Sun Temple, Odisha – The Konark Sun Temple (also known as the “Black Pagoda”) is a 13th-century Sun Temple in Konark, Odisha. It is created in the Mahanadi Delta on the east coast of the Bay of Bengal in the shape of Surya’s chariot with 24 wheels and is extensively ornamented with symbolic stone sculptures that is driven by seven horses.
Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh – The Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi are a series of Buddhist structures that date from 200 BC to 100 BC and are located 45 kilometres from the capital city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. On January 24, 1989, UNESCO designated it as a World Heritage Site because of its unique cultural significance.